Making the bottom of the reservoir
The first stage in the construction of any decorative pond – marking outlines and digging the pit. Of course, if we plan a reservoir in a landscape style, it is desirable that its outlines be wrong, unconstrained. It is best to define the boundaries in advance.
And now we take a shovel and dig a pit with steep walls, uniform over the entire area.
This is the first and very important mistake of many. The final result at best will resemble a bath or a pool, but not a natural pond. Remember the natural reservoirs (after all, we take them as a sample): it is very rare to find a lake in nature with sheer cliffs on all sides (except for mountain lakes, but they also require an appropriate environment). As a rule, in natural water bodies with stagnant water, the depth increases gradually from shallow water.
The most natural and almost obvious option is the bottom with differences in depth and a pit with the most sloping walls, so that the water level gradually disappears and the water surface turns into coastal thickets or rocky embankments. You can form in the walls of the pit “shelves” or “terraces” at different heights to install floral containers. However, this option is only suitable if you are using butyl rubber or other high-quality material designed for garden ponds for waterproofing. Regular film is not so elastic, so in this case it is better to avoid complex shapes.
Sloping walls dictate the ratio of the depth and area of the reservoir. The deeper its lowest point, the longer will be the transition to shallow water, and the greater, respectively, should be the area of the reservoir. Ideally, there should be no walls at all in the reservoir – there should be a bottom, which gradually and gradually passes into the shore. More or less steep wall is needed only if you are planning a waterfall. And if the area allotted for a decorative reservoir, you have quite a small, do not chase the depth! Believe me, even a shallow pond with a beautifully decorated bottom and banks will look great. But if you begin to dig a too deep pit in a small area, you will have a “pan”, which, perhaps, will not be able to save the form. Bottom clearance
You should not leave the earth extracted from the pit at its edges – you can leave one or two small “hills” along the coastline, but you don’t need to make rounded embankments around the entire perimeter, which again will look unnatural. It is better to immediately take away the extracted land – otherwise the reservoir will turn out to be a kind of “hole” in a high, large hill … and this is not the case in nature!
By the way, “sides” is a very common mistake when installing a decorative pond on the basis of a factory plastic form. It is desirable to deepen such a reservoir so that no sides stick out, and even to mask plastic edges. For this purpose, by the way, very convenient shelves are most often made in the forms – it is worth placing containers with shallow-water plants on them, and the leaves will almost close the sides.
Making the bottom of the reservoir
We dug a foundation pit, covered it with a film, fixed the waterproofing at the edges with stones and earth … can we plant the plants and pour water?
In no case!
Many gardeners are familiar painful dilemma: when the water is “blooming”, muddy and opaque, it is ugly. But it is worth cleansing the water, as all the folds of the film on the bottom and walls (and sometimes the banks) of the reservoir become clearly visible, which also doesn’t decorate it too …
What is worse? Let’s not choose from two evils!
Any, even the best, film is not too decorative and certainly absolutely unnatural. Therefore, it simply should not be visible. And do not hope that “the film is black, it will not be noticeable.” Believe me – it will be, and how! And it will hardly be possible to disguise it with plants alone – it will treacherously shine through the leaves of water lilies, bristle near the marsh irises and make your beautiful landscape imperfect …
In the reservoir of your dreams, of course, crystal clear, clear water. So, in it, unconditionally, the device of the cascade of reservoirs the bottom and walls are clearly visible. And that means – the bottom and walls of the reservoir need to be decorated!
And again we will try to learn from nature and take a natural reservoir as a model. The bottom of the river, lake, sea can be, for example, sandy or rocky. Sand is better to remove as soon as an impractical option – the water will be constantly muddy, but the stone is a beautiful and, as a rule, quite affordable material for decorating the bottom. Almost any natural stone will do. Of course, absolutely perfect is the “bare”, smooth, washed stones, which will look perfectly natural in the water. However, any other stone that is in the area — in the nearest quarry, at the road, and so on — will look good.
Stones are laid on the bottom of a dense masonry. Any gaps between them are filled with small pebbles or gravel.By the way, the design of the bottom of the reservoir is a topic that is also relevant for reservoirs in a regular style. Here you can solve the problem by laying the bottom and walls with tiles, colored glass, you can make it mosaic, etc.
You should not use for decorating the bottom, for example, a brick or other artificial materials, which over time will break down and change the composition of the water. The same applies to painted natural stone (yes, there is such a thing) – the paint can be harmful to the inhabitants of your pond and adversely affect their well-being. And, of course, you should not use any metal elements in the pond.