Sheet piling during the construction of ponds
There can be nothing better than a small private pond near the house. It will give originality to your site, will help to lighten the mood in the hours of sadness and will inevitably become a favorite vacation spot.
If you dream of a pond, building a pond at the site will not be a problem. A large number of companies and private landscape designers provide such services.
There are a large number of articles on the Internet that this can be done independently, but it should be remembered that without proper experience and equipment, you are unlikely to succeed in making your fantasies come true. The construction of the pond is quite a long and laborious process, which is practically impossible without special equipment.
Aspects of creating a man-made pond and caring for it
If you are engaged in equipping the pond independently, it should be borne in mind that this will entail the creation of a whole artificially derived hydraulic system.
The durability and aesthetics of an artificial pond will depend entirely on proper equipment and subsequent care. In order for the reservoir to please you for a long time, you need to recreate the conditions as close as possible to the natural ones, especially if you want to populate it later with plants and fish. Be prepared for the fact that often there will be a need to carry out water purification.
Remember that the bottom and the walls of the pond must be equipped with a special film that prevents liquid from being absorbed into the soil.
Aspects: optimal conditions
Consider the influence of the future pond on the microclimate of the area and vice versa. It is necessary to carefully analyze all the features of the area in which the reservoir will be located. It should not be located in the place of the laying of communications: sewage, wires or gas pipes. How to find out their location – read below.
For the construction of the pond must comply with certain landscape conditions. It is not recommended to build a reservoir in a valley or on a slope, as there is a high probability that rainwater with small particles of terrestrial rock will flow there. This contributes to the rapid and frequent pollution of the pond. Attention should be paid to the structure of the soil under the future reservoir. The soil should consist of solid rocks and not be loose – this allows you to avoid soil subsidence under the pressure of large amounts of water.
Stages of construction of the pond
The construction of a pond of any size, shape and depth is divided into several stages. You must contact the authorities GUZHF, and request a plan for the flow of communication through your site. If possible, contact the surveyors who will carry out test drilling. Geodetic analysis of the area is very important in the arrangement of the pond.
The second stage in the construction of the pond is the design work, which will determine the options for the location of the pond on the site and its characteristics (shape, size, depth).
The third stage – ground work. It is considered the most expensive and time consuming. You need to be prepared for some problems: serious damage to the site, an abundance of debris and soil after excavation. If the scale is large: you need special equipment. The best option: rental equipment in specialized companies.
The last stage will focus on creating the scenery of the reservoir. Here it is necessary to think about which plants and fish will populate the pond, whether fountain systems and special lighting will be installed.
It is worth noting that in recent times for the construction of ponds using composite sheet piling. This trend has become widespread due to a number of advantages. Such barriers help to avoid undesirable landslides or flooding of the site. The use of this material makes it possible to build ponds at any time of the year. Composite tongue has high anti-corrosion performance, which allows to increase the safety level of the building.
Based on the above steps, everyone had to conclude that the independent arrangement of the pond is a long and costly undertaking. Errors committed when creating an artificial reservoir can be very serious (for example, damage to communications) and lead to high costs. Therefore, we repeat that the work should be ordered from specialists who can carry out professional design and competent arrangement of the reservoir.