We make an artificial reservoir
With the passage of time, artificial reservoirs that are created in the garden, in the summer cottage, are increasingly gaining popularity, since a natural reservoir of this kind is rare. Glitter, gurgling water helps to relax and rest from the hustle and bustle. And then it is not so important what type of reservoir you choose – a decorative garden pond, an artificial pond for fish farming or a pond for swimming – in any case, an artificial pond becomes the main element of the garden landscape.
Therefore, much attention should be paid to the placement of the pond and its successful compositional solution.
It is important to observe certain conditions that will ensure the continued functionality and beauty of the reservoir.
Firstly, an artificial pond should be located in a suitable place, in a natural lowland, and if on a hill, you should emphasize its feature with a fountain, lighting and / or supplement with a streamlet or a cascade of reservoirs. If you chose a place near the trees, then you should prepare for the fact that it will be necessary to periodically and quite often clean the pond from leaves and various debris. You also need to remember that not all vegetation develops well in the shade of trees or under direct sunlight, and depending on this, choose plants for landscaping the pond.
Secondly, the shape of the future pond carries with it the guarantee of its beauty and how it fits into the surrounding landscape. Therefore, the shape of your artificial pond should fully and completely depend on the style of your garden and the mood it dominates. For example, a garden close to the natural one also presumes an artificial reservoir whose edges and walls will most closely resemble natural shores of stone and sand, planted with vegetation and irregular shapes, and a garden with neatly cut trees and bushes allows you to have a decorative pond of regular geometric shapes with tiled walls. In any case, the larger the size of the reservoir, the more effective it will look.
Thirdly, the shape of the coastal zones, the depth and geometry of the bottom are important. The possibility of planting aquatic plants in the coastal and deep-water zones of the reservoir, the convenience of cleaning the reservoir, the possibility of colonization of the reservoir with fish and their wintering depends on this. Taking into account the depth of freezing of water in winter, the average depth of the reservoir should be about 1.2 – 1.5 m.
Fourth, the water level and weir control system. With the help of special devices for monitoring and regulating the water level, you can easily get rid of excess water and its overflow during seasonal rains or melting snow and timely replenish it to the required level in the hot period of the year during active evaporation of water.
And fifth, the ecosystem and balance. Water should not “bloom”, as this will lead to a deterioration of the aesthetic appearance of the reservoir, an unpleasant smell and deterioration of the vitality of the inhabitants of the pond. In order to achieve ecobalance, it is necessary to make proper water treatment at the start of the reservoir, select and run a filtration and water treatment system.
Here we have outlined in brief the basic principles of how to arrange a decorative pond at a dacha or personal plot in such a way that it will serve you for a long time and meet your expectations.