Pond near the house
A pond in the country, on the plot, near the house – the dream of many owners. A decorative pond is not only and not so much a tribute to fashion as that detail of your landscape design, which will give you a lot of positive emotions.
Water is the source of all life on earth. Water has always attracted man, soothed and relaxed, letting her forget about life problems.
It is easy to imagine how positive an artificial pond will have on the human nervous system in a country house or in a garden near the house, because, having come from work or having arrived at the country house to have a rest, we just have to go outside to get a charge of positive emotions.
If you want to have a pond in the country and in your own home, then this is quite realistic. As they say, there would be a desire. But you need to know how the construction of ponds takes place in order to understand where to start.
First of all, we need to determine the place where our artificial pond will be located. You need to choose a place that will be the lowest point of your site. Important, but not necessary. An artificial reservoir should be located away from large trees so that the roots of these trees do not damage the waterproofing of the pond, and the falling leaves do not pollute its surface.
The form of the pit for the pond can be any, there are no restrictions, if you do not install the finished tank. If you are planning a small garden pond, then the depth of the pit under it may be about 50 cm, this is quite enough, but if you want a larger pond in which there are fish and plants, then the depth of the pit in this case should be greater, up to 1.2 -1.5 meters deep.
In order not to damage the future waterproofing of the pond, the bottom and walls of the pool should be “cleaned”. At the bottom it is necessary to pour a layer of sand with a thickness of 7-10 cm and to tamp it down strongly, and to clear walls from large roots and stones.
When building a summer pond, you can use ready-made forms of fiberglass and fiberglass, which are durable and will last you for a very long time. If the standard solutions are not for you, then you can do otherwise by digging out the pit of the shape you need and cover it with film. It can be as a usual garden film, and black, with protection against an ultraviolet, or pvc-film. These films will last from 2 years to 15. This option is suitable when the owners like to make “permutations” in the garden.
If you want a pond in the country, as a permanent unit for a long time, then in this case it is better to choose a material such as high-quality pond PVC film or butyl rubber. These are the most durable materials listed – their service life is about 30 years. It is quite clear that it will cost more. It is necessary to lay hydrosolation with an allowance at the edges not less than 50 cm on the side.
Construction of ponds is not only engineering work. And that’s when done with them. We turn to the design of our pond. If you want an artificial reservoir to have gentle slopes, then you need to cut the sod along the shores of the pit, place allowances of waterproofing material on them and attach them with straps for reliable fixation, then sprinkle them with earth and lay them back.
If you want stony shores, then you need to flatten the film allowances with stones, and pour them with earth for better attachment and feeding of plants. By the way, among the stones, the easiest way to hide a pond filtration system.
From personal experience we declare that the filtration system is necessary for any type and type of artificial pond. Fishes and plants need clear and sufficiently transparent water saturated with oxygen for their existence. It is necessary to choose and buy a filtration system, after consulting with a specialist.
The bottom of the pond can be laid out with cobble stones or unsharp stones, and then filled with water in a pond of water lily. Water lilies are needed to cover the surface of the pond from the sun’s rays, preventing its overheating and the possibility of flowering. The banks and shallow parts of the pond can be decorated with plants that are well tolerated by moisture. This may be iris, reed and other similar plants. In general, there are a lot of various ornamental plants that can be used to decorate an artificial pond in a country house, and you should choose from them those that suit the design of your site and are pleasing to you, as well as suitable for climatic conditions. The latest stage in the creation of a pond is the settlement of fish. The number of fish should strictly correspond to the size of your pond and the installed filtration system. For the winter, an aeration system is installed and / or ice holes are made if the fish overwinters in the pond.
Behind the dacha pond needs care. And although any pond has its own system of self-regulation, the owner will also have something to work on. First of all, the cleaning of the pond includes the daily removal of leaves from the surface of the water, and also, once or twice a year, or in a deteriorating state, it is necessary to carry out a capital cleaning of the pond. At the same time, it is necessary to clean the bottom of silt, stones and / or decor items from algae and mud.