Artificial pond in the park, in the garden, near the country house, in the country, brings a sense of harmony, calm and balance to our full dynamic life. Recently in Europe it has become fashionable to build ponds on private plots, and this fashion is moving to us. But if earlier the construction of artificial reservoirs was available only to the chosen, now it is within the power of everyone. The main condition – the presence of the site.
The construction of ponds is a rather complicated process, and in order not to be disappointed as a result, you first need to decide what you want. Artificial reservoirs according to the type of movement and storage of water are conventionally divided into the following water facilities: a fixed reservoir (pond), a stream-type reservoir and a combined reservoir (creek-waterfall-pond).
And these types can be divided into the following types: industrial, which are created for industrial or commercial needs, domestic ponds – swimming ponds, artificial ponds for breeding fish and plants, decorative ponds, which are an important element of landscape design, where also can live decorative fish and plants.
Ornamental ponds or decorative household artificial reservoirs are usually built on private plots.
Artificial ponds are formal, which have a clear geometric shape and there are free outlines.
Formal ponds are usually only part of a complex landscape composition – rock garden, cascade, waterfall. An artificial reservoir with natural outlines, with its flowing shores and moisture-loving plants planted along them, replicates the natural reservoir with all its charm to the maximum. An artificial reservoir can be arranged even when the area that can be allotted for it is not so large. In this case, you can create a mini-pond of small diameter (up to 2 m) with a minimum number of plants and, if desired, a pair of fish.
An artificial pond is often decorated with additional elements that give it individuality and special beauty.
Also on small squares you can arrange an artificial stream or a waterfall that flows into an artificial pond. They can be decorated with stones, gravel, vegetation, and then they will be as close to natural as possible. Such streams look good on separate levels of the site, but especially well on the slopes. They fit perfectly into any landscape composition and are suitable for almost all types of reservoirs.
Cascades form from several separate reservoirs located at different levels. Water flowing from level to level looks especially beautiful, gleaming in the sun, and inclines to meditation and thoughts about the eternal. Natural slopes are best suited for arranging cascades when water flows naturally in a natural stream.
Waterfalls can not be built everywhere, because water, constantly falling from a certain height, forms a recess in the surface and the constant vibrating of the whole structure. But if your garden allows you to build a waterfall in your house, then, after planting alpine plants on the slopes, you will get a real mountain waterfall in your garden.
There is also such a magnificent architectural element that is often used in decorating reservoirs – a fountain. Fountains always create a special atmosphere, delighting us with brilliant streams of water, splashing at all side. Today, there are a lot of fountains of various style decisions on the market that can be written into almost any style composition.
From a technical point of view, construction of ponds is a complicated process that should be entrusted to professionals.
An artificial pond is created after conducting a study of the site of the proposed reservoir and various miscalculations that are difficult to implement on your own. After agreeing on all the features of the future reservoir, the most appropriate filtration system, biological or chemical, is selected for your purposes. Pumping equipment, a system for illuminating water bodies are chosen, aquatic and coastal plants are also selected, which should be suitable for the climate and stylistics – and all this is done by specialists of a different profile. The construction of a reservoir must comply with the construction requirements and standards for carrying out the relevant work; technological equipment and systems must comply with technologies that ensure the best water quality.