Artificial pond. The choice of style.
If you are planning an artificial pond for a garden in the French style, then it must be very strict – this type does not allow free lines and the abundance of plants in the water or scattered stones. The main thing here is symmetry, and therefore an artificial pond should be the correct form. Such a reservoir can be “cut” into the walkway or into the lawn, if it is flush with the ground. In the first case, the path itself will be the edge of the reservoir, and in the second edge they will lay turf. It is more preferable to “limit” the pond by a path, as then many opportunities for decorating it open up. It can be statues, and a fountain, and trees in pots, and a vase with flowers. Artificial pond, located on the lawn, most often make out symmetrical plantings of carpet flower plants. The stream is also being drawn up, which must also be in a strict style. It may have cascades, but it must be located on the central alley of the park or the centerline.
Landscape style is less strict and allows smooth lines and a free arrangement of elements. Using a couple of tricks, the landscape-style garden is easy to do in English, Japanese, or Chinese.
The English Garden boasts irregularly shaped ponds, a lawn and a border of floral plants, which is called a miksborder, as well as a large number of grassy plants. That is, if on the one hand your artificial reservoir will have a lawn, and on the other, various herbs with different leaf shapes will grow, then your pond can be called English. In addition, there may be coniferous and deciduous trees, which eventually form a scenic group. You can also decorate your artificial pond with an alpine slide, in this case it will be called rock aquarium and differ in the shape of stones – for rock arias, only stones with sharp edges are used, crushed. For an English-style slide, it is better to use gray slate or pieces of red sandstone.
If you are a fan of Japanese gardens, then in our conditions it will be difficult to organize such a garden, because we have no tradition of houses, where you can, just pushing the wall of an isolated room, to be in the garden. Modern Japanese gardens are divided into three types: tea, flat and hilly, but they all share the presence of water. The main feature of the garden of the hilly type is the hill, complemented by a stream and a pond. This garden copies the mountain landscape, so single stones lying one after another at a distance of a step, like a path in the water, and stone bridges would be appropriate. In some places, stones can be replaced with wooden planks.
An even Japanese garden is monochromatic in the choice of colors; stones, springs and tanks with water, wooden elements and lanterns are obligatory in its layout. Artificial reservoir in such a garden should be calm, reflect the surrounding space and expand it. Here a small artificial pond is appropriate, in the form of a geyser beating out of stones. It is easy to build it with a pump and a water tank buried in the ground.
Tea Garden is characterized by the use of stone for washing hands. It is a stone 20-30 cm tall with a hollowed out water tank, where water flows through a bamboo tube. Next to the stone is a bamboo scoop. It is believed that the art of gardening came to Japan from China. In Chinese gardens there is no conciseness and simplicity inherent in Japanese gardens. The Chinese garden, on the contrary, is characterized by pomp and brightness. Here, an artificial pond can be decorated with stone fish, and the bridges across the stream can be painted black with gold or red. Gardens in ancient China were arranged according to the principles of Feng Shui, and this migrated to modern times. Each item, according to these principles, has its place, and in each individual garden of each individual house it is different, and therefore each garden is unique. Water at the same time is one of the basic elements of the Chinese garden garden arrangement. All water facilities, be it an artificial reservoir or a pond – obey the formula of the Water Dragon. This formula prescribes how and where water should flow, the shape of the channel, its bend, where water will accumulate, stand, and where it should not be at all. According to ancient beliefs, if the water flow is calculated correctly, there will be money and other components of a happy life in the house. The Chinese garden, oriented to the cardinal points and strictly calculated according to all possible formulas and laws, will tell a knowledgeable person about the inner world and personality of the owner of the garden.
In addition to the styles described above, another one has emerged recently, an additional style – urban. It originated in the towns of Italy and Spain, where most of the houses had courtyards, and in each such courtyard there was a small artificial reservoir that saved them from the heat in the midday heat. Gradually, this feature appeared in countries with a colder climate, including ours. At the same time, the peculiarity that the reservoir in this case does not have a style link to the site completely, as the patio has a certain isolation, has not changed.